A rare case of cervical ectopic pregnancy

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Article type :

Case Report

Author :

Manish R Pandya*, Jeel A Modesara

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Abstract :

Introduction: Cervical ectopic pregnancy is the implantation of conceptus in the cervical glands and fibrous cervical wall below the level of internal os. It is a rare and potentially life threatening condition associated with a high rate of maternal morbidity and accounts for less than 1% of all ectopic gestation. It may turn into an obstetric emergency, if not detected and treated early due to risk of severe hemorrhage. This entity can be diagnosed at early gestational age with help of ultrasonography and conservative approach of management help to preserve fertility. Case Report: A 32- year female treated for secondary infertility via in-vitro fertilization(IVF) and embryo transfer(ET) with previous three dilation and curettage following previous missed conceptions presented with vaginal bleeding and Transvaginal ultrasonography revealed a cervical ectopic pregnancy of 5 weeks and 3 days with cardiac activity present. She was managed successfully by PGF2 alpha analogue administration preceding dilation and curettage of endocervical canal and cervical packing with hemocoagulase soaked gauze. Complete hemostasis was achieved and discharged after an uneventful hospital stay. Conclusion: Endocervical curettage is one of the minimally invasive management strategy in cervical ectopic pregnancy with cardiac activity and sufficient for full recovery with preservation of reproductive capacity. Our case demonstrates a new strategy combining systemic intramuscular prostaglandin and curettage for treatment of cervical ectopic pregnancy which may provide an efficient and safe alternative to embryocides at early gestational age.  

Keyword :

Cervical ectopic pregnancy, ART, Transvaginal ultrasonography, PGF2 alpha analogue, Endocervical curettage
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