Prescription Pattern of Drugs In Pregnancy Induced Hypertension In A Tertiary Care Hospital

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Abstract :

Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the drug utilization pattern of antihypertensive drugs in pregnancy induced hypertension. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted by department of Pharmacy practice in collaboration with the Department of Obstetrics in a tertiary care hospital at Karnataka after taking permission from the Institutional Review Board. WHO basic indicators were indicators were used for studying the prescribing pattern of drugs. The study involves collection and documentation of case sheets and treatment charts of inpatients with a diagnosis of pregnancy induced hypertension along with other co morbidities. Results: Out of the total prescriptions studied the most commonly prescribed antihypertensive was nifedipine , followed by labetalol and methyldopa . Majority drugs prescribed were from category C and B. Single drug therapy was prescribed in 77.01% patients. The use of fixed dose combinations was low. Conclusion: The incidence of single drugs therapy and two drugs was high. Nifedipine was the commonly prescribed antihypertensive. None of the prescribed drugs were from teratogenic category D and X.

Keyword :

Antihypertensives, Drug use indicators, Pregnancy induced hypertension,Pregnancy category of drugs
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