Assessment of knowledge, awareness and practice of dental practitioners on the relationship between poly cystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) in periodontally compromised women-A questionnaire based survey

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Original Article

Author :

Sandra Rose Varghese, Neeraj Deshpande, Monali Shah, Tapaswi Kamble

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Abstract :

Introduction: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinal disorder of uncertain etiology characterized by hyperandrogenism, anovulatory infertility, menstrual dysfunction, hirsutism, alopecia and acne. Periodontitis is a common chronic infection characterized by an exaggerated gingival inflammatory response against pathogenic bacterial microflora, resulting in alveolar bone and eventually tooth loss. The relationship of PCOS in periodontally compromised women are very distinctly studied. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey study design was conducted with close ended questions. The question were self-prepared, validated and made reliable. Data collection done and analyzed using the SPSS software. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were determined. Results: 95 percent of the participants were aware of a condition called PCOS. A total of 71 percent of participants have expressed that they carry out routine screening in their clinical practice. However, only a total of 57% of the total participants were able to diagnose PCOS in their clinical practice. A total of 64% of the participants have expressed that intrigue knowledge on the oral manifestations of PCOS have helped diagnose PCOS in their patients. 63 percent of the total participants were aware of the medical specialty of choice to consult for patients diagnosed with PCOS of which only 28 percent of the total participants were aware of the clinical grading of PCOS. Conclusion: This survey helps conclude that even though knowledge of PCOS, clinical manifestations and oral manifestations of PCOS are aware for majority, only 10% achieve to diagnose it in daily practice. This study hopes to shed light on the relationship between Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) in periodontally compromised women to better enhance the diagnosis, treatment planning and the systemic corelation of the oral manifestations of the condition.

Keyword :

Microflora, Hyperandrogenism, Periodontitis, Insulin resistance
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