Acquired immuno deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a lethal epidemic which alarmingly decreases the body’s ability to combat disease resulting in susceptibility to infection. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/ AIDS have now moved from being viewed solely as a public health issue to a human rights issue. The goal in this regard is now to strengthen the anti-discrimination and other protective laws that safeguard the vulnerable group. To ensure confidentiality and privacy of people living with AIDS, legal and ethical implications for the medical profession are discussed here.In this article, many aspects of HIV / AIDS are discussed in general along with some ethical issues. Odisha is a state with low prevalence of AIDS, and attempts have been made at various levels to make it a zero prevalence state. In this regard, a study of the epidemiological scenario & steps taken by Odisha State AIDS Control Society (OSACS) and to reduce the prevalence in the state and ensure every person living with HIV has access to quality care and is treated with dignity.
HIV, AIDS, Prevalence, Anti-discrimination, Ethical