Objective: To study the clinical presentation, management of polyps of female reproductive tract. To know the correlation between ultrasonological finding and Histopathological findings.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective hospital based observational study. It was conducted in Cheluvamba hospital, attached to Mysore Medical college and Research Institute, Mysore. Data was collected from hospital registers who underwent surgery for diagnosis of polyp from the year 2018 to 2021 were included in the study. There were 50 cases in the study. They were managed according to their symptoms, age, desire for fertility and type of polyp.
Results: Polyps are most common in the age group 31 to 40 years (42%) and in parous women. The most common presenting complaint was heavy menstrual bleeding (82%). Based on USG and HPE the most common type of polyp was leiomyomatous polyp. Heavy menstrual bleeding caused severe anaemia in 44% of women who required blood transfusion for correction anaemia. No cases of malignancy were diagnosed.
Conclusion: Polyps are an important cause of AUB. The resulting heavy menstrual bleeding can cause severe anaemia requiring blood transfusion, leading to morbidity. Clinical examination and ultrasound diagnosis correlates with histopathological diagnosis. Using clinical examination and ultrasound one can identify the site and type of polyp and decide on further management.
Polyp, Cervical polyp, Endometrial polyp, Fibroid polyp.