Background: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) complicates 7-15% of pregnancies and is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. The primary goal of antenatal care is the early detection of such conditions. Doppler studies in fetus are used to predict the morbidity in IUGR. Studies show that cerebroplacental ratio is a better predictor of IUGR babies and adverse perinatal outcome. In this study we compare perinatal outcomes of IUGR babies with a normal CPR and an abnormal CPR.
Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Thrissur, from January 2018 to June 2019. The study included 170 antenatal mothers diagnosed IUGR sonologically or are at risk of IUGR. CPR was calculated from Doppler parameters as ratio of MCA PI and Umbilical artery PI. CPR more than 1.08 was considered normal. Perinatal outcomes were compared between normal and abnormal CPR group.
Results: The incidence of abnormal CPR was found to be 39.4%. An abnormal CPR was associated with an increase in rate of emergency ceaserean rate for fetal distress (76.12%) and 64.18% had an APGAR of
Conclusion: In patients with IUGR, cerebroplacental ratio is a useful marker in prediction of adverse perinatal outcome. Integrating CPR into routine Doppler studies in clinical practice will help better identify fetuses at risk.
IUGR, Cerebroplacental ratio, Doppler, Neonatal outcome.