Background: The study is to compare the effect of oral hydration in pregnant women with moderate isolated oligohydramnios (AFI 5-8 cm) over 28 weeks of gestation.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 50 pregnant women, randomized into two groups, each group having 25 women. Study group comprising 25 pregnant women with moderate oligohydramnios from study group were given 2 litres of water in 2 hours for 7 days apart from their routine water intake and ultrasound was done after 2 hours after completion of water intake, 24 hours and then after 7 days. While 25 pregnant women with moderate oligohydramnios from control group were give routine medications as per the Institute protocol and was explained to have routine water intake. Ultrasound was done after 2 hours after registering the case as control, 24 hours and 7 days.
Results: Amniotic fluid index improved in 19 cases as compared to pretreatment levels in study group. Amniotic fluid index worsened in 21 pregnant women from control group. The difference was statistically significant (p Conclusions: Oral maternal hydration therapy with water improves the level of amniotic fluid index significantly in third trimester of pregnancy. Hydration with water is not associated with any adverse maternal outcomes.
Oligohydramnios, Oral hydration, Amniotic fluid index, Perinatal outcome.