Background: The knowledge of variable branching pattern of Axillary artery is needed for vascular surgeons, onco surgeons, anaesthesiologists, orthopedic surgeons and radiologists due to increased use of invasive diagnostic, interventional procedures.
Aims and Objectives: The aim was to study the variable branching pattern of Axillary artey in cadavers.
Materials and Methods: 15 cadavers (30 upper limbs) - 12 male and 3 female embalmed with 10% formalin were dissected for this study.
Results: Variable branching pattern was observed in 6.6% of the cases on right side and 6.6% of the cases on left side in first part of axillary artery, 40% of the cases on right side and 53.3% of the cases on left side in second part and 53.3% of the cases on right side and 26.6% of the cases on left side in third part.
Conclusions: The anatomical knowledge of the normal and variant anatomy of the Axillary artery is of importance for anatomists, surgeons, radiologists and clinicians during various interventional, diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical procedures on pectoral and axillary regions.
Axillary artery, Branching pattern, Cadavers, Upper limbs.