Immediate induction of labour in cases of pregnancy with PROM used to be a standard practice to avoid potential complications but induced labour is likely to be associated with increased risks of fetal and maternal complications due to oligohydramnios like cord compression and high rate of operative delivery.
Purpose of this study is to determine in case the practice of actively inducing labour in women with PROM at term is preferable than expectant management for 12 hours and also to study the maternal and neonatal outcome.
A total of 150 pregnant women were randomized into two groups who are between 18-35 years, at term gestation (37-40 weeks) having PROM irrespective of gravida. Women were immediately induced by Tab. Misoprostol(25microgrmas) in immediate induction group. Women who presented with PROM were observed for 12hrs from time of PROM without any intervention to accelerate the labour in conservative management group. An observation between the two groups of patients would be made with respect to maternal and fetal outcome. We observed that there was statistically insignificant increase in duration of labour and increased rate of caesarean section in expectant group. Maternal complications in both groups were found to be insignificant. However, women who were managed expectantly developed more puerperal pyrexia, wound infection and prolonged hospitalization than women who were managed with induction method. There was no statistically significant difference in the perinatal complications.
PROM, Expectant management, Active management.