Introduction: Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most common endocrine and metabolic heterogeneous disorder among reproductive-aged women. Obesity worsens the metabolic, clinical and endocrine features of PCOS, mainly by increasing insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia: Obesity rates are increasing due to changing lifestyles, including unhealthy food habits. The objective of this study was to characterize the dietary pattern and BMI of PCOS women and to compare it with healthy controls.
Materials and Methods: This study was a case-control study. Study Population was women in the age group 15-45 years with complaints s/o PCOS and age matched control group .PCOS cases were diagnosed using Rotterdam criteria and the controls were age matched women without PCOS. All the women were subjected to a detailed history taking and physical examination. The data was entered in Excel sheet and Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 23.
Results: The average age of PCOS cases was 24.64 years. There was a statistically significant increase in history of snacking with ingestion of high caloric and oily food in PCOS cases compared to control women.
PCOS women were more overweight and Obese compared to Control women and this difference was also statistically significant.
Conclusion: The results of this study suggests with PCOS is associated with an increased intake of food high in calorie and saturated fat and that women who are obese or overweight are more likely to develop PCOS. Lifestyle modifications like healthy diet and regular exercise should be the front line therapy in PCOS women.
BMI, Dietary Influences, PCOS, Snacking.