Background: Induced labour is one in which pregnancy is terminated artificially, any time after fetal viability is attained by a method that aims to secure vaginal delivery. It is one of the important procedures in obstetrics. The key factor for a successful induction is the cervical status, consistency and dilatation which is determined by the Bishop’s score. Prostaglandins are more effective in cases of unfavourable cervix or in the pregnancies remote from the term. Misoprostol, a prostaglandin E1 analogue is relatively inexpensive, can be easily stored at room temperature and has fewer systemic adverse effects. 1 It has rapid absorption
both orally and vaginally.
Objective: To determine the efficacy and safety of vaginally administered misoprostol for third trimester cervical ripening or induction of labour in a study conducted on 100 patients in Mahaveer Hospital, Scientific Research Institute, Surendranagar, Gujarat.
Materials and Methods: This was prospective study conducted in private setup from October 2020 to February 2021. Study population comprised of 100 subsequent pregnant women who required induction of labour were recruited after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. The progress of labour was charted on the partograph. The mean induction delivery interval, mode of delivery, maternal and neonatal outcome and complications were observed.
Induction of labour, Misoprostol, Vaginal route, Oxytocin.