Background: Tibial condylar fractures are very common in road traffic accidents; however, sports injury, fall and other trivial trauma can frequently produce these fractures. These are unstable fractures and quite challenging to manage. This study was undertaken to evaluate locking compression plate (LCP) fixation in proximal intra articular tibia fractures by MIPPO (minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis) technique.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted from 0ctober 2016 to 2018. 20 cases who had sustained tibial plateau fractures (Schatzker type 1- VI) and operated with LCP fixation using MIPPO technique were included in this study after obtaining informed consent. Follow-up was done at 6 weeks, 12 weeks, 18 weeks and 24 weeks after the surgery and they were evaluated in accordance with modified Rasmussen knee scoring system.
Results: Modified Rasmussen functional knee scoring system and modified Rasmussen criteria for radiological assessment was used to analyse the functional outcome among the cases. After evaluation it was observed that 90% of the patients had good to excellent performance.
Conclusion: MIPPO technique enables soft tissue stripping via a small surgical incision and provides a rigid fracture reduction. There is also a reduced chance of post traumatic soft tissue injury. Proximal Tibial locking plate is a good device to stabilize the fractures of Tibial plateau (intra articular), especially when used in conjunction with meticulous intraoperative handling of the soft tissues and active participation of the patients in the rehabilitation programme is ensured.
Proximal tibia, MIPPO, Intra – articular, Tibia plateau, Locking compression plate.