Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

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IP Innovative Publication Pvt. Ltd.

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Prevalence and determinants of peripheral neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

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Original Article

Author :

Arpith M N, Vandana Narayan

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Abstract :

Background: Diabetic neuropathy is a common disorder and is defined as signs and symptoms of peripheral nerve dysfunction in a patient with diabetes mellitus in whom other causes of peripheral nerve dysfunction have been excluded. The incidence of diabetic neuropathy is not well-known but in a study from south India 19.1% type 2 diabetic patients had peripheral neuropathy. Objective: To study the prevalence and identify relevant determinants of peripheral neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from 18 months to 3 years. Materials and Methods: All the patients attending camp in my clinic, mysuru from Jan 2020 to March 2020, 150 patients having diabetes were selected randomly, including both males and females of age group 35-50 years. The average duration of diabetes mellitus was 18 months to 3 years. They were categorized as neuropathy group and non-neuropathy group. All the patients were assessed for control of glycaemia by checking fasting blood glucose, post prandial blood glucose, blood pressure levels and Michigan neuropathy screening test8 were also compared. Results: The study found that known cases of diabetic mellitus had early signs of peripheral neuropathy. Hence it is recommended to test the signs of peripheral neuropathy in early cases of diabetes mellitus as well, to decrease the overall morbidity in the patients.

Keyword :

 Type 2 Diabetes mellitus, Diabetic neuropathy, Peripheral neuropathy.

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