Correlation between body mass index, waist hip ratio, blood sugar and blood pressure in young adults

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Original Article

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Tejashwini Basarigidad, Ganashree C P

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Abstract :

Background: Obesity is defined as excessive accumulation of fat in various tissues in the body which causes ill health in the body. The basic cause of obesity is imbalance between calories intake and calories expenditure There is increased intake of calorie rich foods and reduced physical activity due to urbanization all over the world. Body mass index is simple formula to classify obesity in adults. It is defined as person’s weight in kilograms divided by height in meter squares (m2). Obesity and elevated BMI are the major causes for development of chronic diseases like stroke, hypertension, Type 2 diabetes and other cardiovascular disorders. BMI and waist hip ratio are the modifiable risk factors of type 2 diabetes and hypertension. This study was undertaken to assess the relationship between BMI, waist hip ratio, Random blood sugar and blood pressure. Materials and Methods: This study comprises 45 males and 55 females (100 in total) young adults aged between 18 to 30 years. The design for this study was cross-sectional survey. Ethical approval was taken from ethical committee of BMCH, Chitradurga. BMI, Blood pressure, Waist hip ratio and random blood sugar levels are measured from the subjects. Result: A total of 100 subjects are examined. Among them 45 males are males and 55 females. The mean age of the subjects was 25 years. Among them, 30 were overweight and 17 were obese while, 4 were underweight. The mean BMI was 26.72±3.45 Kg/m2. The mean WHR was 0.92±0.12. Among the participants 63 had abnormally high WHR (>0.95 in males and > 0.80 in females). Mean RBS was 95.43±19.54 mg/dl. Both diastolic and systolic blood pressures increased significantly with increased BMI status and abnormally elevated WHR than in participants with normal WHR. RBS was also significantly higher in those with elevated WHR than in those with normal WHR. Conclusion: Raised BMI and abnormally elevated waist hip ratio are positively correlated with random blood sugar levels and blood pressure in Young adults. Therefore young population all over world are at risk of developing chronic diseases like hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cancer, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases later in their life. Therefore BMI and waist hip ratio should be routinely checked and monitored in young population to prevent future development of chronic diseases; 2: There is need for promotion of a healthy life style, regular exercise, healthy nutrition, stress free life in young population.

Keyword :

 Blood pressure, Body mass index, Obesity, Random blood sugar, Waist Hip ratio (WHR).
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