Fetal improvement is the fundamental part of maternal supplement stores & compelling transportation through the placenta. Consequently, any distinction in the placenta brings about inconsistent fetal advancement results of expanded danger of delayed sicknesses in the neonatal. This investigation was expected to find the impact of placental morphometry on infant anthropometry.
Materials and Methods: In current study lacentae were obtained from Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit & pacific medical college & hospital Udaipur and study was conducted in the Dept. of Anatomy,
Geetanjali M.C. and Hospital, Udaipur (Rajasthan) from August 2018 to November 2019, by using standard operating methods in a pre-designed & pre-tested format, distributions of placental morphology & newborn anthropometry are stated in percentage & box plots, evaluation of variance is used to study the differences in means of placental morphometry in various groups of newborn anthropometry.
Results: The Means & SD of placental morphometry; weight, volume, surface area & thickness were found to be 440 ± 100gm, 386 ± 101 ml, 230 ± 50 cm sq, & 2.1±0.4cm respectively, whereas Mean for birth weight & length found to be 2700±500 gm & 46.6 ±2.5cm of newborn. Placental morphometry & newborn anthropometry improved significantly with pregnancy.
Conclusions: The study extrapolates that maternal pre-pregnancy & during pregnancy condition status
along with placental morphology determines neonatal health status. Hence, variations in the maternal
nutrient status lead to an adverse gestational outcome.
Maternal pre-pregnancy weight, Placental weight, Gestation, Placental volume, Placental surface area.