Background: Throughout the world, millions of Muslims fast daily during the month of Ramadan from sunrise (Sahar) until sunset (Iftar). Considering the impacts of environment on physiological functions, we performed this study in order to examine the effects of Ramadan fasting on some blood parameters of healthy volunteers and hypertensive patients.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 50 healthy, volunteer medical students of different tertiary health centers in the city. Inclusion Criteria: Healthy young, medical students aged between 18 to 28 years, they should be fasting according to the recommendations of Ramadan fasting for the whole month. Exclusion Criteria: Students with any major illness like hypertension, type-2 diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, hypercholesterolemia, Cushing’s disease or on any medication.
Results: The mean age was 22.5 years with standard deviation of 2.763. This reduction in Body Weight after Ramadan fasting is found to be statistically significant. (P value < 0> 0.05). The reduction in Diastolic Blood Pressure is however statistically not significant. (P value > 0.05).
Conclusion: Thus, it is concluded that Ramadan type of intermittent fasting has beneficial effect on the human body in terms of betterment in physiological systems and significant reduction in Body Weight, Body Mass Index, Waist-Circumference, Waist to Hip Ratio, Pulse Rate.
Fasting, Physiological parameters, Body mass index, Body weight.