Background: Splenic artery commonly called as lineal artery being the largest branch of celiac trunk in
adults and next largest to common hepatic artery in fetal life making tortuous course in stomach bed.The
splenic artery show variations in it’scourse and branching pattern frequently. The main aim of the study
is to know the different branching pattern of splenic artery in relation to hilum of spleen for Anatomist,
Radiologist and Surgeons.Such knowledge definitely help the radiologist while doing the color doppler
flow imaging and also the surgeons in selecting the operative procedure thereby it minimize the vascular
Materials and Methods: During routine dissection, 60 cadavers were dissected and the branching pattern
of the splenic artery in relation to hilum of spleen was studied.
Results: Splenic artery shows following pattern of division, distributed pattern bundled pattern before
entering the hilum of spleen and splenic artery enters the spleen without any division. In our study,
distributed pattern was seen in 36 cases (60%), bundled type in 14 cases (23.3%) and without branching in
remaining 10cases (16.7%).
Conclusion: The variation in the branching pattern of splenic artery is necessary for Anatomist useful
in angiographic studies for radiologist and also for surgeons to minimise vascular complications during
abdominal surgeries, spleen preservation procedure is possible distributed and bundled pattern of splenic
Splenic artery, Branching pattern, Spleen preserving surgery.