Aim: To study the epidemiology of ocular trauma in a medical college hospital in North Karnataka region.
Materials and Methods: Demographic data, detail history and ocular examination were done for all the patients who presented to our hospital between the periods of August 2016 to April 2017 with any ocular trauma. Data were collected and analyzed using Open- Epi software.
Result: 104 patients presented to our hospital during the time period of 9months.The mean age of trauma was 32.78 with SD 16.97. Male ( 65.38%) were more affected than female(34.61%).57.69% were from rural and 42.3% were from urban. Ocular trauma mostly occurs between 30-50 years (41.3%). Home, road and field were the most common location of ocular injury. Foreign body, stick and lime were the most common offending agent. The association between age of ocular trauma and location of injury and occupation was clinically significant with p value 0.05 and 0.041 respectively. The association between gender and location of injury was clinically significant with p value 0.0013 but occupation and gender of ocular trauma was clinically not significant with p value 0.08.
Conclusion: Considering the prevalence, middle aged men are more vulnerable to ocular trauma mostly while working at field or driving. Prognosis might be challenging. Appropriate education for eye protection and use of safety measures, would help in reducing ocular morbidity. Educating for timely treatment and intervention after injury is helpful for saving vision.
Epidemiology, Ocular trauma, Rural.