The goal of a successful transplant has beep accomplished in more than three fourths of the children with end stage kidney disease treated in a special program undertaken at Los Angeles Childrens Hospital some years ago. In general, rehabilitation both physical and psychologic and growth have been highly satisfactory, the latter especially when transplantation was carried out before puberty. Although the number of children with end stage renal disease ESRD in need for renal transplantation is small compared with adults, the problem associated with renal transplant in children are numerous, varied, and often peculiar. Pre emptive transplantation has recently been growing in popularity as it avoids many of the associated long term complications of ESRD and dialysis. Changes in immunosuppression to more potent agents over the years will have affected transplant outcome there is also evidence that tacrolimus is more effective than cyclosporine. This review will discuss the short and long term complications such as acute and chronic rejection, hypertension, infections, and malignancies as well as factors related to long term graft function. Chronic allograft nephropathy is the leading cause of renal allograft loss in pediatric renal transplant recipients. It is likely that it reflects a combination of both immune and nonimmune injury occurring cumulatively over time so that the ultimate solution will rely on several approaches. Transplant and patient survival have shown a steady increase over the years. The major causes of death after transplantation are cardiovascular disease, infection and malignancy. Transplantation in special circumstances such as children with abnormal urinary tracts and children with diseases that have the potential to recur after transplantation will also be discussed in this review. Non compliance with therapeutic regimen is a difficult problem to deal with and affects patients and families at all ages, but particularly so at adolescence. Growth may be severely impaired in children with ESRD which may result in major consequences on quality of life and self esteem a better height attainment at transplantation is recognized as one of the most important factors in final height achievement.
by Sangeeta Dewangan "Renal Transplantation in Children"
Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019,
Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/other-scientific-research-area/other/21432/renal-transplantation-in-children/sangeeta-dewangan
ESRD, children, transplantation