Kashmir perhaps possess an authentic account of its History from the very earliest period. The Neolithic site of Burzahom throws a light on the different phases of the earliest history of Kashmir. The Burzahom site is a prehistoric settlement in the village of the same name in the Valley of Kashmir, a valley located between the Karakoram and the Pir Panjal Range. It is located between 34010 N and 73054 E. It is 16 kilometers 9.9 miles to the northeast of Srinagar on the Naseem Shalimar road. The elevation of the site is 1,800 meters 5,900 t above sea level. It is the northernmost excavated Neolithic site of India. The site is on an ancient Pleistocene lake bed1.The location is in a high terrace which is part of the floodplain of the Jhelum River and has Karewa soil clay formation. The site has a commanding view of the Dal Lake which is about 2 kilometers 1.2 miles away. In the Kashmiri language Burzahom means birch , a tree species that generally grows in the elevation range of 3,000 to 4,200 meters 9,800 to 13,800 ft. in the Himalayas , which is found in the excavated housing area in the form of roofing material, and thus confirming the existence of the tree even in the pre historic Neolithic times2.
by Sartaj Ahsan Bhat | M C Dubey "Burzahom (Burzohama) a Neolithic Site in Kashmir"
Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019,
Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/humanities-and-the-arts/history/21440/burzahom-burzohama-a-neolithic-site-in-kashmir/sartaj-ahsan-bhat
Neolithic, Karewa, Pleistocene, Terrace, Floodplain, Karokaram